Design and Evaluation of Drip Irrigation System for Date Palm Plantations in MAUTECH, Yola, Adamawa State, Northeastern Nigeria

Document Type : Original Article


Department of Agricultural and Environmental Engineering, School of Engineering and Engineering Technology, Modibbo Adama University of Technology, Yola, Nigeria


Irrigation using dripping system is often considered more efficient method in terms of both water application and labour. The research is aimed at design and evaluating the drip irrigation system for the Date Palm Plantations in MAUTECH, Yola, Adamawa State, Northeastern Nigeria. The drip irrigation system was designed using locally available materials, installed and tested on an area of 400 m by 100 m dimensions in the research area. The result of the elevation survey using ProMark3 GPS System shows that the elevation across the research area gives a slope of 0.02% which moderately gives water flows by gravity through the pipes to the date palms. The particle size analysis result shows that the soil on the research area ranges from sand to sandy loam, this type of soil is suitable for the Date Palms. The result of the infiltration rate was estimated to be 208.27 mm/hr. The discharge of the dripper was estimated as 2.265 l/s through the velocity of 1.82 m/s under the pressure head of 8.02 m. The water application uniformity was found to be above 90% which describes that the drip irrigation system was designed on proper scale and dimensions. The performance evaluation of the drip irrigation system was carried out in the field after design process and the result shows that the emitters are discharging water effectively to the date palm plantations. However, some linkage problems were observed along the lateral pipes and were fixed to avoid water wastages.


Google Scholar


Main Subjects

[1]     Makau W. Design of Drip Irrigation System for Date Palms in North Horr, Marsabit. B.Sc. Project, Environmental and Biosystems Engineering, University of Nairobi, 2013;1-67.
[2]     Doorenbos J, Pruitt WO. Guidelines for Predicting Crop Water Requirements. FAO Irrigation and Drainage paper No. 1977;24:1-144.
[3]     Al-Amoud AI, Bacha MA, Al-Darby AM. Seasonal Water Use of Date Palms in the Central Region of Saudi Arabia. Agricultural Engineering Journal, 2000; 9(2):51-62.
[4]     Dewidar AZ, Al-Fehaid Y, Al-Hilal S, Ben Saleh M. Water Saving in Arid Regions: A Comparison of Surface and Subsurface Drip Irrigation Systems. American Journal of Innovative Research and Applied Sciences, 2016;2(7):289-296.
[5]     Pannunzio A, Roman M, Brenner J, Wölfle A. Economic Overview of Drip and Micro Irrigation Systems in Humid Regions. Proceeding of the VII World Citriculture Congress, International Society of Citriculture (ISC), Agadir, Marruecos, Riverside, California, 2004;1-52.
[6]     Yavuz D, Yavuz N, Suheri S. Design and Management of a Drip Irrigation System for an Optimum Potato Yield. J. Agr. Sci. Tech., 2016;18:817-830.
[7]     Aseno E. Design and Evaluation of a Simple PVC Drip Irrigation System Using Akposoe Maize Variety as a Test Crop. M.Sc. Thesis, Department of Agricultural Engineering, Kwame Nkrumah University of Science and Technology, Kumasi, 2011;1-151.
[9]     James LG. Principles of farm irrigation systems design. Krieger Publishing Company, Malabar, Florida, USA, 1993.
[10]   Ankidawa BA, Tanko JA, Umar AS. Climatic Variability and River Benue Discharges In Yola and Garoua, West Africa. Journal of Environment, Ecology, Family and Urban Studies, 2015;5(1):1-14.
[11]   Ankidawa BA, Balagun OB, Hassan AA. Rain Water Harvesting and Storage Design for House Holds: Case Study of Girei, Adamawa State, Nigeria. Nigerian Journal of Engineering Science and Technology Research, 2017;3(1):33-41.
[12]   Ankidawa BA, Ishaku JM, Tanko JA. Assessing the Suitability of Hand Drilling Techniques for Abstracting Shallow Alluvial Aquifers along River Benue Floodplain, Yola North Eastern Nigeria. International Journal of Earth Sciences and Engineering, 2016;9(3):985-992.
[13]   Ankidawa BA, Seli AB. Dar Zarrouk Parameters for Delineation of Groundwater Potential Zones in Geriyo Irrigation Floodplain of River Benue, Adamawa State, Northeastern Nigeria. Current Journal of Applied Science and Technology, 2018;27(5):1-15.
[14]   Ankidawa BA, Tanko JA. Particle size distribution and its effect on hand drilling technique in the River Benue floodplain, North Eastern Nigeria. International Journal of Scientific Research and Innovative Technology, 2015;2(2):63-77.
[15]   Tilahun K. Analysis of rainfall climate and evapo-transpiration in arid and semi-arid regions of Ethiopia using data over the last half a century. Journal of Arid Environments, 2006;64:474-487.