Application of Numerical Method in Assessing the Variations in Pile Group Efficiency under Different Circumstances

Document Type : Original Article


1 M.Sc. Student, Lecturer, Department of Civil Engineering, Ahsanullah University of Science and Technology (AUST), Dhaka, Bangladesh

2 M.Sc., Assistant Professor, Department of Civil Engineering, Ahsanullah University of Science and Technology (AUST), Dhaka, Bangladesh

3 B.Sc., Design Engineer, JPZ Consulting Ltd. Dhaka, Bangladesh

4 B.Sc., Quality Check Engineer, SMCC-ITD JV, Dhaka, Bangladesh

5 M.Sc., Lecturer, Department of Civil Engineering, Ahsanullah University of Science and Technology (AUST), Dhaka, Bangladesh


Rapid urbanization creates a demand to expand the cities where using pile foundation became a recurrent practice. To ensure sustainability of projects pile load tests are important but may not be always feasible in terms of costing, on-site constrains etc. In this circumstance numerical analysis is a good alternate to estimate precise pile load capacity rather than conventional conservative approaches. This research illustrates the pile group efficiency fluctuation due to pile diameter, spacing, pile number and orientation in prescribed sandy soils. Using the conventional method the individual pile capacities are calculated for a constant depth with variable diameters and soil profiles. For simulating the piles, geometric models of sandy soils with sufficient boundaries are generated in PLAXIS 3D FOUNDATION software where the parameters of pile and soil components are considered as per predetermined values from reliable references. The analysis results have thoroughly been scrutinized by plotting several graphs at different aspects. The outcomes indicate that the conventional pile spacing i.e. 2.5D to 3.5D has an insignificant effect on pile group efficiency, irrespective to pile diameter and soil type. It also exhibits that the increment of pile number significantly decreases pile group efficiency for diameters of 600mm, 800mm, 1000mm and 1200mm in sandy soils. With a few exceptions as the diameter of the pile increases, the group efficiency decreases. The arrangement of piles in group has minor impact on pile group efficiency which enhances onsite flexibility. It is expected that these outcomes will facilitate the practicing engineers for efficient solutions.


Main Subjects

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  • Receive Date: 14 January 2022
  • Revise Date: 14 February 2022
  • Accept Date: 06 April 2022
  • First Publish Date: 06 April 2022