Evaluation the Impact of Flexible Joints and Deck on the Seismic Response of Bridges

Document Type : Original Article


1 Ph.D. Student, Key Laboratory of Urban Security and Disaster Engineering of Ministry of Education, Beijing University of Technology, Beijing 100124, China

2 Professor, Key Laboratory of Urban Security and Disaster Engineering of Ministry of Education, Beijing University of Technology, Beijing 100124, China


Bridges have undeniable importance at different parts of urban areas. In this study the influence of various forms of bridge decks, flexible joints and other elements of concrete bridges with diverse size have investigated, because of high rate of popularity of concrete bridges in construction project. Due to the significance of plastics in analyzing the seismic response of bridges, finite element model is chosen in this project. In the present study, two types of hinges, including fiber hinge and the force moment interactive hinge (PMM), have been selected to indicate the ductility of the columns in the lower and upper regions of the abutments and in the length of the plastic hinge. A huge decrease can be seen in dissipation of energy through pier, by interpreting the data of designed models and effect of dedicated earthquake force. Therefore, to reach better efficiency, it is suggested strengthening the seismic behavior of traditional bridges. To assess short bridges, roller model is not a reliable way to get accurate results, but in long bridges with the length of more than 95m, a simple model can be set to evaluate bridge response.


Main Subjects

[1]     Soltanieh S, Memarpour MM, Kilanehei F. Performance assessment of bridge-soil-foundation system with irregular configuration considering ground motion directionality effects. Soil Dyn Earthq Eng 2019;118:19–34. https://doi.org/10.1016/j.soildyn.2018.11.006.
[2]     Seyed Ardakani SM, Saiidi MS. Simple method to estimate residual displacement in concrete bridge columns under near-fault earthquake motions. Eng Struct 2018;176:208–19. https://doi.org/10.1016/j.engstruct.2018.08.083.
[3]     Huang S, Lv Y, Peng Y, Xiu L. Subsidence Displacement Analysis of Bridge Pier under Approaching Excavation Load. IOP Conf Ser Earth Environ Sci 2018;153:042005. https://doi.org/10.1088/1755-1315/153/4/042005.
[4]     Hester D, Brownjohn J, Bocian M, Xu Y. Low cost bridge load test: Calculating bridge displacement from acceleration for load assessment calculations. Eng Struct 2017;143:358–74. https://doi.org/10.1016/j.engstruct.2017.04.021.
[5]     Kelly JM. Aseismic base isolation: review and bibliography. Soil Dyn Earthq Eng 1986;5:202–16. https://doi.org/10.1016/0267-7261(86)90006-0.
[6]     AHBS. Afghan highway bridge standards specification. Kabul: 2012.
[7]     Mitoulis SA, Tegos IA, Stylianidis KC. A new scheme for the seismic retrofit of multi-span simply supported bridges. Struct Infrastruct Eng 2013;9:719–32. https://doi.org/10.1080/15732479.2011.609175.
[8]     Mitoulis SA, Palaiochorinou A, Georgiadis I, Argyroudis S. Extending the application of integral frame abutment bridges in earthquake-prone areas by using novel isolators of recycled materials. Earthq Eng Struct Dyn 2016;45:2283–301. https://doi.org/10.1002/eqe.2760.
[9]     Amin M, Warnitchai P, Kajita Y. Seismic performance of highway bridges considering sacrificial abutment: a case study in Afghanistan. Innov Infrastruct Solut 2020;5:28. https://doi.org/10.1007/s41062-020-0276-2.
[10]   ATC 40. Seismic evaluation and retrofit of concrete building, Applied Technology Council. Redwood City: 1996.
[11]   Caltrans S. Caltrans seismic design criteria version 1.3. Sacramento, California: 2004.
[12]   Mander JB, Priestley MJN, Park R. Theoretical Stressā€Strain Model for Confined Concrete. J Struct Eng 1988;114:1804–26. https://doi.org/10.1061/(ASCE)0733-9445(1988)114:8(1804).
[13]   Maroney BH, Chai YH. Seismic design and retrofitting of reinforced concrete bridges. Proc. 2nd Int. Work. Earthq. Comm. New Zealand, Queenstown, New Zeal., 1994.
[14]   Makris N, Zhang J. Structural characterization and seismic response analysis of a highway overcrossing equipped with elastomeric bearings and fluid dampers: a case study. Pacific Earthquake Engineering Research Center; 2002.
[15]   Wilson JC. Stiffness of non-skew monolithic bridge abutments for seismic analysis. Earthq Eng Struct Dyn 1988;16:867–83. https://doi.org/10.1002/eqe.4290160608.
  • Receive Date: 28 December 2021
  • Revise Date: 06 January 2022
  • Accept Date: 06 January 2022
  • First Publish Date: 06 January 2022